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Philadelphia® Tracheotomy Collar

Philadelphia® Tracheotomy Collar


HC000915
  • Anterior and posterior rigid plastic reinforcement supports limit movement. Total cervical arch support maintains neutral alignment of the cervical spine
  • Water-resistant for bathing and aqua-therapy
  • Easily customized for individual requirements
  • Does not contain natural rubber latex, non-toxic and hypoallergenic Plastazote® foam reduces skin irritation

Range-of-Motion Restriction and Craniofacial Tissue-Interface Pressure From Four Cervical Collars

Ann N. Tescher, RN, PhD, CNS; Aaron B. Rindflesch, PT, PhD; James W. Youdas, PT; Therese M. Jacobson, RN, CNS; Lisa L. Downer, RN, CNS; Anne G. Miers, RN, CNS; Jeffrey R. Basford, MD, PhD; Daniel C. Cullinane, MD; Susanna R. Stevens, MS; V Shane Pankratz, PhD; Paul A. Decker, MS
Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care: November 2007 - Volume 63 - Issue 5 - pp 1120-1126

Abstract:

Background: Occipital pressure ulcers are well-known complications for trauma patients wearing cervical collars. We assessed the effects of four commercial cervical collars (Aspen, Philadelphia, Miami J, and Miami J with Occian back [Miami J/Occian]) on cervical range of motion (CROM) and mandibular and occipital tissue-interface pressure (TIP).

Methods: Forty-eight healthy volunteers (24 men, 24 women; mean age, 38.9 years +/- 10.5 years) were stratified by body mass index. CROM was measured in the seated position without and with collars. Sagittal, coronal, and rotatory CROM was measured with a goniometer. Occipital and mandibular pressures were mapped with subjects in upright and supine positions.

Results: All collars significantly restricted CROM in all planes (p < 0.001). The Philadelphia and standard Miami J collars were the most restrictive. The Aspen collar was the least restrictive for flexion and rotation. The Miami J/Occian back was the least restrictive for extension and lateral flexion. For supine measurements, Miami J and Miami J/Occian back had the lowest mean TIP, whereas Aspen and Philadelphia collars had the greatest (p < 0.001). For upright measurements, the Miami J/Occian back produced the smallest mean TIPs; the other collars, ranked by ascending TIP, were Philadelphia, Miami J, and Aspen (p < 0.001). Philadelphia and Miami J collars had significant collar-body mass index interaction effects on supine occiput mean pressure (p = 0.04).

Conclusions: Miami J and Philadelphia collars restricted CROM to the greatest extent. Miami J and Miami J/Occian back had the lowest levels of mandibular and occipital pressure; these collars may markedly reduce the risk of occipital pressure ulcers without compromising immobilization.

(C) 2007 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

Improving Practice

Efforts to Reduce Occipital Pressure Ulcers

Therese M. Jacobson, MSN, CNS, CWOCN; Ann N. Tescher, PhD, RN, CCRN, CCNS; Anne G. Miers, MSN, CNS, CNRN; Lisa Downer, MSN, CNS

St. Mary’s Hospital,Mayo Clinic Rochester, Minnesota. Published in Journal of Nursing Care Quality, 2008 Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 283–288

Abstract:

Cervical collars are necessary to stabilize the cervical spine of trauma patients but are known to contribute to the development of occipital pressure ulcers. A quality improvement project that began on one nursing unit stimulated the development of evidence-based practice guidelines and a multidisciplinary research study. As a result, a standardized plan of care and cervical collar recommendations were implemented, resulting in a sharp decline in the incidence of occipital pressure ulcers.

Results: “On the basis of the study’s findings, it was recommended that the Miami J collar be used as the standard cervical collar for trauma patients and that the Occian Back of the Miami J collar be used when patients were on strict spine precautions or bed-rest. Implementation occurred during first quarter of 2006 and resulted in an 89% reduction in the incidence of occipital pressure sores in 2006 as compared to 2005”. (p. 287)

SORBATEX™

In independent university testing, the Sorbatex Miami J Collar pads outperformed the leading competitive cotton/foam laminated pad.

The Sorbatex difference

Information from Grundy Laboratory Report: “Comparison Study of Miami J Collar Pads with Cotton/Foam Collar Pads,” Philadelphia College of Textiles & Science, 1997.

Order Information

Philadelphia Tracheotomy Collar
Part#HeightSizeCirc.
PHP-TI 1.25" Infant 6-8"
PHP-TP 1.75" Pediatric 8-11"
PHP-T2XS 2.25" XSmall Up to 10"
PHP-TxS See footnote Small 10-13"
PHP-TxM See footnote Medium 13-16"
PHP-TxL See footnote  Large 16-19"
PHP-TxXL See footnote  XLarge  19" up
x = 2 (2.25" height); 3 (3.25" height); 4 (4.25" height); or 5 (5.25" height)

 

CoolMax® Liners
Part#Description
PHP-LCI Infant
PHP-LCP Pediatric Sizes
PHP-LCXS XSmall Sizes
PHP-LCS Small Sizes
PHP-LCM Medium Sizes
PHP-LCL Large Sizes
PHP-LCXL XLarge Sizes